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Understanding SCORM Metadata and Tracking

SCORM Metadata and Tracking

SCORM stands for Sharable Content Object Reference Model. It is a collection of technical standards and specifications used for creating and delivering e-learning content. SCORM provides a framework that allows instructional designers and content developers to create learning materials that can be easily shared and used across different learning management systems (LMS).

The main goal of SCORM is to ensure interoperability and reusability of e-learning content. It defines a set of guidelines and specifications that enable content developers to create self-contained learning objects called "SCOs" (Sharable Content Objects).

These SCOs can be combined to form a complete course or learning experience.

SCORM consists of two primary components:

  • Content Packaging: SCORM provides guidelines for packaging learning content into a standardized format. This allows the content to be easily imported and delivered by different LMSs. The packaging specification defines the structure and format of the content package, including the organization of files, metadata, and the relationships between SCOs.

  • Run-Time Environment (RTE): The SCORM RTE is responsible for the communication between the learning content and the LMS during the delivery of a course. It defines a set of rules and protocols for tracking learner interactions, recording progress, and reporting data to the LMS. The RTE specifies how the content can communicate with the LMS using a JavaScript API (Application Programming Interface).

By adhering to the SCORM standards, content developers can create SCORM-compliant courses that can be easily distributed and consumed by different LMS platforms. SCORM allows for consistent tracking and reporting of learner progress, completion status, scores, and other relevant data, ensuring a standardized learning experience across various systems.

It's worth noting that SCORM has been widely adopted in the e-learning industry, but it is not the only standard available. Other standards like AICC (Aviation Industry Computer-Based Training Committee) and xAPI (Experience API) provide alternative approaches to content packaging and tracking.

The Benefits of SCORM for Corporate eLearning Programs

SCORM offers several benefits for corporate e-learning programs. Here are some key advantages:

  • Interoperability: SCORM ensures interoperability between different learning management systems (LMSs) and e-learning content. By following the SCORM specifications, organizations can create SCORM-compliant content that can be easily shared and used across multiple LMS platforms. This interoperability allows for seamless integration and content exchange between different systems, making it easier to manage and deliver training programs.

  • Reusability: SCORM promotes the reusability of learning content. With SCORM-compliant courses, organizations can create modular learning objects (SCOs) that can be reused in multiple courses or combined to form different learning paths. This reusability saves time and effort in content development, as existing SCOs can be repurposed or updated for new training programs. It also ensures consistency in content delivery and reduces duplication of efforts.

  • Standardized Tracking and Reporting: SCORM provides a standardized approach to tracking and reporting learner data. The SCORM Run-Time Environment (RTE) enables the collection of information such as learner progress, completion status, scores, and interactions with the content. This consistent tracking allows organizations to generate comprehensive reports on learner performance, completion rates, and other metrics. Standardized reporting facilitates evaluation, assessment, and analysis of the effectiveness of corporate e-learning programs.

  • Content Security: SCORM offers security features that help protect intellectual property and confidential information. SCORM content packaging allows organizations to encrypt and secure their learning materials, ensuring that only authorized users and systems can access and use the content. This is particularly important for corporate e-learning programs that may involve proprietary information, compliance training, or sensitive data.

  • Cost Efficiency: Adopting SCORM can lead to cost savings in various ways. The reusability of SCORM-compliant content reduces the need for creating content from scratch for every training program. It also enables organizations to leverage existing e-learning materials and update them as needed. Additionally, the interoperability of SCORM allows organizations to switch or integrate different LMS platforms more easily, avoiding vendor lock-in and reducing the costs associated with migration or system changes.

  • Compliance and Standards Compliance: SCORM compliance ensures that organizations adhere to industry standards and regulations in their e-learning programs. For instance, organizations in certain sectors such as healthcare, finance, or manufacturing may have compliance requirements that necessitate tracking and reporting of training activities. By using SCORM, organizations can meet these compliance requirements by implementing standardized tracking and reporting mechanisms.

These benefits make SCORM a popular choice for corporate e-learning programs, as it enables organizations to streamline content delivery, enhance training effectiveness, and improve the overall learning experience for employees.

Understanding SCORM Metadata and Tracking

In the context of SCORM, metadata refers to the information associated with a learning object or course. It provides details about the content, such as the title, description, author, language, and keywords. Metadata helps in organizing and categorizing learning resources, making it easier for learners and instructors to search for and identify relevant content.

SCORM also includes a tracking mechanism that enables the collection and reporting of learner interactions with the content. This is done through a set of predefined data elements and rules known as the SCORM Run-Time Environment (RTE). The RTE is responsible for communication between the learning content and the LMS, allowing for the exchange of data related to learner progress, completion status, scores, and other relevant information.

Here's a simplified overview of how SCORM tracking works:


When a learner launches a SCORM course in an LMS, the LMS establishes a connection with the content's RTE.


The content and LMS exchange data using JavaScript API calls. These calls allow the content to send information about learner interactions (e.g., page views, quiz answers) and receive instructions from the LMS (e.g., completion status, bookmark location).


The content tracks learner interactions and sends data to the LMS using SCORM data model elements (known as "cmi" variables). Examples of tracked data include the learner's progress, scores, completion status, and time spent on activities.

Completion and Bookmarking

The LMS uses the data received from the content to determine the learner's completion status. It may also store a bookmark, allowing learners to resume where they left off when they return to the course.


The LMS can generate reports based on the tracked data, providing insights into learner performance, completion rates, and other metrics.

It's important to note that SCORM is just one of several e-learning standards, and newer standards like xAPI (Experience API) offer more flexibility and advanced tracking capabilities. However, SCORM remains widely used, especially in legacy systems and organizations that have not transitioned to newer standards.

About LMS Portals

At LMS Portals, we provide our clients and partners with a SaaS-based, multi-tenant learning management system that allows you to launch a dedicated training environment (a portal) for each of your unique audiences.

The system includes built-in, SCORM-compliant course authoring software that enables most anyone to build engaging courses quickly and easily.

We also offer a complete library of ready-made courses, covering most every aspect of corporate training and employee development.

If you choose to, you can create Learning Paths to deliver courses in a logical progression and add structure to your training program. The system also supports Virtual Instructor-Led Training (VILT) and provides tools for social learning.

Together, these features make the LMS Portals platform the ideal SCORM-compliant solution for your corporate training program.

Contact us today to get started or visit our Partner Program pages

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