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Ten Best Practices in Designing SCORM-Compliant Courses

Designing SCORM-Compliant courses

SCORM stands for Sharable Content Object Reference Model. It is a set of technical standards and specifications that enables interoperability between e-learning content and Learning Management Systems (LMS). SCORM ensures that e-learning content can be shared, reused, and run on different SCORM-compliant LMS platforms without compatibility issues.

At its core, SCORM defines how online learning content should be packaged and structured so that it can be easily imported and launched within an LMS. It provides a framework for communication between the content (referred to as the "content package") and the LMS, allowing for tracking learner interactions, reporting progress, and recording assessment results.

SCORM consists of two main components:

  • Content Packaging: SCORM specifies the structure and format of the content package. It defines how the course files, such as HTML pages, multimedia resources, quizzes, and assessments, should be organized within a specific directory structure. Additionally, a manifest file (in XML format) is included to provide information about the course structure, sequencing, and metadata.

  • Run-Time Environment: SCORM defines the communication and data exchange between the content and the LMS during the course's execution. It standardizes the way the content interacts with the LMS by using a set of JavaScript-based APIs (Application Programming Interfaces). These APIs allow the content to request information from the LMS, send tracking data, and receive instructions for navigation and sequencing.

The primary goal of SCORM is to ensure that e-learning content is portable and can be easily shared and reused across different LMS platforms. By adhering to the SCORM standard, content developers and instructional designers can create courses that are compatible with a wide range of SCORM-compliant LMS systems, allowing for efficient content distribution and consistent tracking of learner progress.

The Benefits of SCORM for Corporate Training

SCORM offers several benefits for corporate training when it comes to e-learning content development and deployment. Here are some key advantages of using SCORM for corporate training:


SCORM ensures interoperability between e-learning content and various Learning Management Systems (LMS). This means that SCORM-compliant courses can be seamlessly shared, imported, and run on different LMS platforms without compatibility issues. This interoperability allows organizations to choose and switch between different LMS systems while preserving their existing e-learning content investments.

Reusability and Flexibility

SCORM promotes content reusability, allowing organizations to repurpose and share learning content across multiple courses or training programs. SCORM-compliant modules, assessments, and multimedia elements can be easily integrated into different courses, saving time and effort in content development. This flexibility facilitates consistent training delivery and enables organizations to tailor content to specific learning needs.

Tracking and Reporting

SCORM provides robust tracking and reporting capabilities. The standard defines how learner interactions, progress, and assessment results are tracked and reported to the LMS. This data can be leveraged for analytics, assessment, and compliance purposes. SCORM-compliant courses capture information such as completion status, scores, time spent on activities, and more, allowing organizations to monitor learner progress and evaluate the effectiveness of their training programs.

Standardized Navigation and Sequencing

SCORM defines a standardized approach to course navigation and sequencing. This ensures a consistent user experience across different SCORM-compliant courses and LMS platforms. Learners can easily navigate through modules, access content, and follow a predetermined sequence, enhancing the learning process and reducing confusion.

Cost-Effective Content Development

SCORM encourages content development efficiency and cost-effectiveness. By adhering to the SCORM standard, organizations can leverage authoring tools and e-learning platforms that support SCORM compliance. These tools provide pre-built templates, features, and functionality that streamline content creation, packaging, and deployment. SCORM's modular structure also allows for content reuse, reducing the time and resources required to develop new training materials.

Compliance and Regulation

Many industries have specific compliance and regulatory requirements for training programs. SCORM compliance can help organizations meet these requirements by providing standardized tracking and reporting mechanisms. The ability to capture and document learner progress, completion, and assessment results can aid in demonstrating compliance with industry regulations and internal policies.


SCORM-compliant courses are scalable, allowing organizations to deploy training programs to a large number of learners efficiently. The standardized packaging and tracking mechanisms make it easier to distribute and manage courses across multiple locations or departments. Whether training a few employees or an entire organization, SCORM provides a scalable solution for corporate training needs.

Ten Best Practices in Designing SCORM-Compliant Courses

When designing SCORM-compliant courses, there are several best practices to consider. SCORM is a widely used standard for e-learning content interoperability, ensuring that courses can be shared and run on different Learning Management Systems (LMS) without compatibility issues.

Here are ten best practices for designing SCORM compliant courses:

  1. Use an Authoring Tool: Utilize an e-learning authoring tool specifically designed for creating SCORM compliant courses. These tools provide built-in features and templates that simplify the course development process and ensure compatibility with the SCORM standard.

  2. Organize Content into Modules: Divide your course into logical modules or units. This modular structure allows for easier navigation, tracking, and reusability of content. Each module should have clear learning objectives, content presentation, and assessment components.

  3. Implement Navigation and Course Structure: Provide clear and intuitive navigation within your course. Use consistent menus, buttons, and controls to enable learners to move through the course easily. Include features like table of contents, next/previous buttons, and progress indicators to enhance the learning experience.

  4. Follow SCORM Packaging Guidelines: Properly package your course according to SCORM guidelines. This involves organizing your course files into a specific directory structure, including the necessary XML manifest file, and ensuring all required metadata is included. Following packaging guidelines ensures the course can be properly imported and launched by an LMS.

  5. Include Interactive and Multimedia Elements: Engage learners by incorporating interactive and multimedia elements such as quizzes, simulations, videos, audio, and animations. These elements enhance learner participation and understanding of the content. Ensure that any media files are properly referenced and can be accessed within the SCORM package.

  6. Track Learner Progress: SCORM supports tracking learner progress, so utilize this feature to gather data on learner interactions and completion status. Define objectives and set up appropriate tracking parameters, such as completion status, scores, and time spent on each activity. This data can be used for learner assessment and analytics purposes.

  7. Test and Validate: Before deploying your SCORM course, thoroughly test it on different SCORM-compliant LMS platforms. Verify that all content, interactions, and tracking features function as intended. Check for any compatibility issues or errors and make necessary adjustments to ensure a seamless learning experience.

  8. Document and Version Control: Maintain detailed documentation of your SCORM course, including the design, content, and technical specifications. Additionally, implement a version control system to manage updates and revisions. Clear documentation and version control facilitate maintenance and troubleshooting in the future.

  9. Ensure Accessibility: Design your course with accessibility in mind to accommodate learners with disabilities. Follow accessibility guidelines (such as WCAG 2.0 or 2.1) to make your content perceivable, operable, understandable, and robust. Provide alternative text for images, captioning for videos, and proper formatting for screen readers.

  10. Stay Up-to-Date: SCORM has evolved over time, and there may be newer versions or alternative standards (such as xAPI) that better suit your requirements. Stay informed about the latest developments in e-learning standards and consider upgrading or exploring alternative options if necessary.

By following these best practices, you can create SCORM compliant courses that are compatible with various LMS platforms and provide a consistent learning experience for your audience.

About LMS Portals

At LMS Portals, we provide our clients and partners with a SaaS-based, multi-tenant learning management system that allows you to launch a dedicated training environment (a portal) for each of your unique audiences.

The system includes built-in, SCORM-compliant course authoring software that enables most anyone to build engaging courses quickly and easily.

We also offer a complete library of ready-made courses, covering most every aspect of corporate training and employee development.

If you choose to, you can create Learning Paths to deliver courses in a logical progression and add structure to your training program. The system also supports Virtual Instructor-Led Training (VILT) and provides tools for social learning.

Together, these features make the LMS Portals platform the ideal solution SCORM-compliant LMS for your corporate training program.

Contact us today to get started or visit our Partner Program pages

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